This is Part 2 of our Environmental Series. Read Part 1 here.
The Game Plan
Step 1. Get up to speed on and make peace with your impact on the environment.
The information on the topic is abundant and can quickly become overwhelming. We suggest this carbon footprint guide from The New York Times; it is manageable in that it breaks down the issue into sections – such as clothing, food, transport, recycling – and can be worked through at your own pace.
It turns out plastic, despite being portrayed as the deadly offender, contributes to only 12% of total impact and is no better than paper. Worse, it is our food choices that face reckoning. We are not suggesting you cut out your automobile and airplane travel or that you turn to veganism instantly; rather read the stuff and make peace with your carbon footprint.
Step 2. Know your recycling options.
Globally only 1% of clothing is recycled. When it comes to bras, there are no recycling options in the classical sense, recycling the fibres back to point zero and producing new ones with it. The primary reason for this is modern clothes are made of fabric blends of many natural and synthetic fibres like spandex, polyester, cotton or wool, and each material requires a totally different recycling process. And while globally we see 20% collection rates, fibre sorting and processing, the 2 other elements of the recycling ecosystem, are underdeveloped.
But there are technologies that give us hope. AMP Robotics uses advanced computer vision and machine learning to sort the materials. There is also Fibresort, a machine that detects the fibre composition in carpets and can be adapted to work with textiles. There are also examples of processing technologies that can handle mixed fabrics. A biotech company in France recently demonstrated that it could use a biological process to recycle polyester T-shirts or coloured plastic bottles into clear bottles. Though these companies are in their early stages their technology increases product recycling.
Key catalysts to improving the situation are regulation and consumer activism.
France is the absolute leader in the area with its Extended Producer Responsibility legislation that requires operators (producers, distributors, and importers) in the clothing-, household linen-, and footwear sectors to provide or manage the recycling of their products at the end of their usage.
Our personal hero is Patagonia, the US outdoor and adventure clothing company. Already in 1993 they produced their first polyester fleece jacket from recycled bottles and have since extended their recycled product line to 82, to things like insulated pants, down jackets, and beanies. Patagonia also take products back for recycling when it has reached the end of its useful life.
There are many good choices you can make as a consumer. We discuss them in the next section.
On the photos
How to Reduce Your Carbon Footprint. The New York Times. Illustration by Adam Simpson.